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来源:外媒:恐袭案后新西兰警方对100多人密切监视  作者:   发表时间:2019-10-18 21:44:53

  Oxitec'sworkhasbeenheavilycriticizedbyFriendsoftheEarth,acharitydedicatedtoprotecttheenvironment.环境保护慈善机构“地球之友”严厉批评了Oxitec公司的研究。Butthemalaria-carryingAnophelesmosquitoesrequireanewgeneticallymodifiedbreedtomatewith.但是携带疟疾病毒的疟蚊需要一种新的转基因蚊子来交配。”"Thecompanyhasbeenwidelycriticizedforputtingitscommercialinterestsaheadofpublicandenvironmentalsafety.“该公司因将其商业利益置于公众和环境安全之上而广受批评。

  Backin2010,hegaveapproximately.9milliontoOxitectohelpfundearlyworkonkillermosquitoprojects.早在2010年,他就向Oxitec公司资助大约490万美元,用于“杀手蚊”项目的早期研发。TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。Hehasextensivelyfundedworkoneradicatingmalaria,adiseasethatkillsaround440,000peopleeveryyear.他广泛资助了消灭疟疾的研究工作,全球每年大约有44万人死于疟疾。

  Oxitec'skillersexmosquitoesareexpectedtobereadyfortrialsbytheendof2020.Oxitec公司的交配杀手蚊有望在2020年底之前接受实验。”"Thecompanyhasbeenwidelycriticizedforputtingitscommercialinterestsaheadofpublicandenvironmentalsafety.“该公司因将其商业利益置于公众和环境安全之上而广受批评。Backin2010,hegaveapproximately.9milliontoOxitectohelpfundearlyworkonkillermosquitoprojects.早在2010年,他就向Oxitec公司资助大约490万美元,用于“杀手蚊”项目的早期研发。

  Oxitechasalreadycreatedgene-engineeredmosquitoestodealwiththeZikavirus.Oxitec公司已经培育出对付寨卡病毒的转基因蚊子。What'simportantisthatthesemalemosquitoescontainaself-limitinggenethatgetspassedontofemalemates.重要的是,这些雄蚊有一种自限基因,交配时能够传播到雌蚊体内。”Inastatementatthetime,FriendsoftheEarthsaid:"TheGMmosquitoesareintendedtoreducethewildpopulationbymatingwithnaturallyoccurringmosquitoesandproducingprogenywhichdon’tsurvive,thusreducingthepopulationandthereforethetransmissionofthetropicaldiseasedenguefever.“地球之友”当时发声明说:“通过与自然发育的雌蚊交配产生无法存活的后代,减少野生种群,从而减少蚊子数量,减少热带疾病登革热的传播,这就是培育转基因蚊子的目的。

  What'simportantisthatthesemalemosquitoescontainaself-limitinggenethatgetspassedontofemalemates.重要的是,这些雄蚊有一种自限基因,交配时能够传播到雌蚊体内。They'redevelopedbyaUKcompanycalledOxitec,whichhasdubbedthecreations"FriendlyMosquitos"—althoughtheirfemalematesmaydisagree.英国公司Oxitec负责培育这些雄蚊,该公司称之为“友好蚊”,不过,雌蚊们可能不这么想。Onlyfemalemosquitoesbite,soGates'armyofgene-engineeredmalemosquitoeswouldbesafetohumans.只有雌蚊会叮咬人类,所以这一项目培育的众多转基因雄蚊不会危及人类。

  Oxitechasalreadycreatedgene-engineeredmosquitoestodealwiththeZikavirus.Oxitec公司已经培育出对付寨卡病毒的转基因蚊子。”"ItsfirstreleasesofGMmosquitoestookplacecontroversiallyintheCaymanIslands,wherethereisnobiosafetylaworregulation.“该公司将第一批转基因蚊子投放在了没有生物安全法律或法规的开曼群岛,这一做法颇具争议。Backin2012,FriendsoftheEarth'sEricHoffmansaid:"Trialsofitsmosquitoesmustnotmoveforwardintheabsenceofcomprehensiveandimpartialreviewsoftheenvironmental,humanhealthandethicalrisks."2012年,“地球之友”的埃里克-霍夫曼说:“在没有全面、公正地审查环境、人类健康和道德风险的情况下,Oxitec公司的蚊子实验绝不能进一步推进。

  Complicationsthatthreatenhumanlifeincludeswellingofthebloodvesselsinthebrain,abuild-upoffluidinthelungs,organfailure(ofthekidneys,liverorspleen),anemia,andlowbloodsugar.脑血管肿胀、肺部积液、器官衰竭(肾、肝、脾)、贫血和低血糖等疟疾并发症都可危及人类生命。”"OxitecstaffhavebeencloselyinvolvedindevelopingriskassessmentguidelinesforGMinsectsworldwide,leadingtoconcernsaboutlackofindependentscrutinyandconflictofinterest."“Oxitec公司的员工密切参与了全球转基因昆虫风险评估指南的制定,因此有审查不够独立、存在利益冲突之嫌。”"Thecompanyhasbeenwidelycriticizedforputtingitscommercialinterestsaheadofpublicandenvironmentalsafety.“该公司因将其商业利益置于公众和环境安全之上而广受批评。

  FashionistasvisitingtheTodayArtMuseumthissummerhadtheopportunitytoforkout50RMBfortheprivilegeofviewing“WhenEleganceMeetsArt,”anexhibitionfeaturingover400piecesbytheFrenchjewelrycompanyVanCleefArpels.Inside,theypainstakinglyposedfortheperfectshotwitharubypendant,poredoverdescriptionsofeachpiece’shistory,andcheckedouttheitemsliketheywerebrowsingacatalog.Chineseartmuseumsareincreasinglyrelyingoncommercialexhibitionslikethistokeeptheirdoorsopen.Meanwhile,marketforcesaredrivingluxurymallstouseartexhibitionstolureshoppersthroughtheirdoorsandmaketheirstoresprofitable.Strappedbyataxcodewhichoffersfewincentivesforcharitablecontributions,andunabletorelyonart-lovingphilanthropists,museumsmustgetcreativetomaintainrevenues.Luxurybrandsoffer“rentalincome”formanymuseums,“Rui,”acontemporaryartprofessionalinBeijing,toldTWOConconditionofanonymity.Theseexhibitionsarealmostcompletelyorganizedandcuratedbythebrand,ratherthanmuseumstaff.“Essentially,brandswanttorentspacesininternationallyrecognizedmuseumsinordertoenhancetheirimages,”explainedRui.SoniaXie,deputyeditoroftheArtNewspaperChina,elaboratedonthebenefitsofthesepartnerships,explainingthatthey“improveandpromotethetoneandvoiceofthebrand,asordinarypeopleconsidermuseumsandgalleriestobedistinguished,intelligent,andeliteplaces.”However,anequallyimportantfactorwaschangingtastesanddemographics.Aswell-traveled,educatedconsumersbegantodisdaintheflashylabelsonwhichmanyEuropeandesignershadfocusedtheirmainlandmarketingstrategies,artmuseumscouldofferanobviousandeffortlessopportunityforbrandstosignalsophisticationtomorediscerningshoppers.Partnershipsbetweenmuseumsandbrandshaveproliferatedinrecentyears.In2014,Diorhostedits“MissDior”exhibitionatShanghai’sSculptureSpace;thenextyear,Guccihostedanavant-gardeexhibitionentitled“NoLonger/NotYet”attheShanghaiMinshengArtMuseum;andin2016,BottegaVenetahosted“ArtofCollaboration”attheUllensCenterforContemporaryArtinBeijing.Thetrendhasevenexpandedtonon-luxurybrandsseekinganimageboost:lastyearChineseelectronicscompanyXiaomisponsoredthe“FutureofToday”exhibitionattheTodayArtMuseum.Thereasonwhythisisallpossible,suggestsXie,isthat“theartindustryinChinaisstillatanearlystageofdevelopment.TheChineseaudienceiscompletelyundemanding,makingitextremelyeasytodoaprofitableexhibition.”Yetthereisalsoagreatamountofoptimismforthefuture.China’sartmarketisalreadysaidtobethesecondlargestintheworld,atanestimated13.2billionUSD.In2017,QiBaishi’sTwelveLandscapeScreens(1925)joinedthe“100millionclub”whenitfetched140.8millionUSDataPolyBeijingauction,becomingthefirstChinesepaintingtoachievethisfeat.ModernChineseartistsarealsohighlysoughtafter:Artprice’slistofthe“Top50livingartistsatauction”includes11fromChina.OnemanifestationofChina’smaturingartmarketcanbeseenintheunusualvenueofmalls.Bankingonartasapowerfulmarketingtooltodriveshoppersthroughtheirdoors,manyarejumpingattheopportunitytohostartexhibitionsandinstallations.Beijing’sParkviewGreenMallisbothaluxurymallandahavenforartlovers.FoundedbyarealestatemagnateandartcollectorfromHongKong,themallisstockedwith500piecesfromhispersonalcollection,includingwhat’sadvertisedasthe“largestcollectionofSalvadorDalioutsideofBarcelona.”Installationsincludingagiantsharkandseductivepiginarevealingdressarefreeforwindowshopperstoperuse.Themallalsohasdesignatedgalleryspacesfeaturingup-and-comingartists,whoseworksareperfunctorilyviewedbybeviesofselfie-takingshoppers.Cutthroatcompetitionhasforcedmallstodifferentiatethemselves,providingincreasinglyelitistexperiences.In2014,theK11MallinShanghaihostedthefirst-everexhibitionofMonetpaintingsinChina.(K11alsooperates“artmalls”inGuangzhou,Wuhan,Shenyang,andHongKong.)“TheK11mallsarefollowingtheplaybookofEuropeanmuseums,”saysRui.“Theyhavenopermanentcollection,buttheyhaveanentirecuratorialteamorganizingtravelingartexhibitions.Inthatway,eventhoughK11isamall,theyactlikeamuseumbyprovidingaccesstohigh-qualityart.”ThelinebetweenartandluxuryhasbecomeincreasinglydifficulttodetectinChina—anditsstate-runmuseumsaren’thelping.Afterthreeyearsofrenovation,Beijing’sNationalMuseumofChinaatTiananmenSquarereopenedin2011withtwocommercialexhibitions:“Voyages,”dedicatedtotheevolutionofLouisVuitton,wasfollowedbyBvlgari’s“125YearsofItalianMagnificence”afewmonthslater.Althoughtherestofthemuseumwasfreetoenter,LVcharged30RMBforviewing“Voyages,”adecisioncriticizedbyPeople’sDailyforbeing“toocommercial.”TheironyofChinesevisitorspayingtoperuseLVbagsatanewlyunveiledsymbolofnationalistpride—thecenterpieceofwhichwasadisplayofpropagandaentitled“RoadtoRejuvenation”—wasnotlostonmanyobservers.Toavoidfurthercontroversy,priceswereslashedto10RMBfortheBvlgarifollow-up.WhenDiorhostedanexhibitionthefollowingyear,thebrand’snamewasremovedfromthetitle,reflectingthenewlyausteresentimentsoftheChinesegovernment.Inspiteofwhatmightseemlikeaconflictofinterest,Xienotesthatmanystate-runmuseumsnowpresentjewelryorfashionexhibitionsonayearlybasis,citingthe2017ChaumetexhibitionatattheForbiddenCity’sPalaceMuseum.“Whenpeopleflocktoadmiretherarejewelrymasterpieces,theyaremorelikelytovisitsomeoftheotherlesspopularshowsatotherexhibitionshallsinthemuseum,”shehypothesizes.Asthelinebetweenartandluxurybecomesincreasinglyblurred,itpromptsthequestion:CancommercializedluxurybrandsandChina’snascentartmarketcoexistinasymbioticrelationship,orwillthisrelationshipofconvenienceultimatelybedetrimentaltothefutureofartinChinaXieisoptimisticaboutthefutureoftheartmalls,arguingthatitisabusinessmodelthatmakessense,as“artexhibitionsandpublicartinstallationsbringinmoremallvisitorsandthereforeincreaseconsumption.”However,shenotesthatonemajorchallengeisthelackofarteducationinChina:“Aslongastheexhibitionis‘Instagram-able,’peoplewillloveit—andifitiseasytounderstand,thenitisablockbuster!”“OfMallsandMuseums”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.ArticlebyButthemalaria-carryingAnophelesmosquitoesrequireanewgeneticallymodifiedbreedtomatewith.但是携带疟疾病毒的疟蚊需要一种新的转基因蚊子来交配。Complicationsthatthreatenhumanlifeincludeswellingofthebloodvesselsinthebrain,abuild-upoffluidinthelungs,organfailure(ofthekidneys,liverorspleen),anemia,andlowbloodsugar.脑血管肿胀、肺部积液、器官衰竭(肾、肝、脾)、贫血和低血糖等疟疾并发症都可危及人类生命。

  ”Inastatementatthetime,FriendsoftheEarthsaid:"TheGMmosquitoesareintendedtoreducethewildpopulationbymatingwithnaturallyoccurringmosquitoesandproducingprogenywhichdon’tsurvive,thusreducingthepopulationandthereforethetransmissionofthetropicaldiseasedenguefever.“地球之友”当时发声明说:“通过与自然发育的雌蚊交配产生无法存活的后代,减少野生种群,从而减少蚊子数量,减少热带疾病登革热的传播,这就是培育转基因蚊子的目的。FashionistasvisitingtheTodayArtMuseumthissummerhadtheopportunitytoforkout50RMBfortheprivilegeofviewing“WhenEleganceMeetsArt,”anexhibitionfeaturingover400piecesbytheFrenchjewelrycompanyVanCleefArpels.Inside,theypainstakinglyposedfortheperfectshotwitharubypendant,poredoverdescriptionsofeachpiece’shistory,andcheckedouttheitemsliketheywerebrowsingacatalog.Chineseartmuseumsareincreasinglyrelyingoncommercialexhibitionslikethistokeeptheirdoorsopen.Meanwhile,marketforcesaredrivingluxurymallstouseartexhibitionstolureshoppersthroughtheirdoorsandmaketheirstoresprofitable.Strappedbyataxcodewhichoffersfewincentivesforcharitablecontributions,andunabletorelyonart-lovingphilanthropists,museumsmustgetcreativetomaintainrevenues.Luxurybrandsoffer“rentalincome”formanymuseums,“Rui,”acontemporaryartprofessionalinBeijing,toldTWOConconditionofanonymity.Theseexhibitionsarealmostcompletelyorganizedandcuratedbythebrand,ratherthanmuseumstaff.“Essentially,brandswanttorentspacesininternationallyrecognizedmuseumsinordertoenhancetheirimages,”explainedRui.SoniaXie,deputyeditoroftheArtNewspaperChina,elaboratedonthebenefitsofthesepartnerships,explainingthatthey“improveandpromotethetoneandvoiceofthebrand,asordinarypeopleconsidermuseumsandgalleriestobedistinguished,intelligent,andeliteplaces.”However,anequallyimportantfactorwaschangingtastesanddemographics.Aswell-traveled,educatedconsumersbegantodisdaintheflashylabelsonwhichmanyEuropeandesignershadfocusedtheirmainlandmarketingstrategies,artmuseumscouldofferanobviousandeffortlessopportunityforbrandstosignalsophisticationtomorediscerningshoppers.Partnershipsbetweenmuseumsandbrandshaveproliferatedinrecentyears.In2014,Diorhostedits“MissDior”exhibitionatShanghai’sSculptureSpace;thenextyear,Guccihostedanavant-gardeexhibitionentitled“NoLonger/NotYet”attheShanghaiMinshengArtMuseum;andin2016,BottegaVenetahosted“ArtofCollaboration”attheUllensCenterforContemporaryArtinBeijing.Thetrendhasevenexpandedtonon-luxurybrandsseekinganimageboost:lastyearChineseelectronicscompanyXiaomisponsoredthe“FutureofToday”exhibitionattheTodayArtMuseum.Thereasonwhythisisallpossible,suggestsXie,isthat“theartindustryinChinaisstillatanearlystageofdevelopment.TheChineseaudienceiscompletelyundemanding,makingitextremelyeasytodoaprofitableexhibition.”Yetthereisalsoagreatamountofoptimismforthefuture.China’sartmarketisalreadysaidtobethesecondlargestintheworld,atanestimated13.2billionUSD.In2017,QiBaishi’sTwelveLandscapeScreens(1925)joinedthe“100millionclub”whenitfetched140.8millionUSDataPolyBeijingauction,becomingthefirstChinesepaintingtoachievethisfeat.ModernChineseartistsarealsohighlysoughtafter:Artprice’slistofthe“Top50livingartistsatauction”includes11fromChina.OnemanifestationofChina’smaturingartmarketcanbeseenintheunusualvenueofmalls.Bankingonartasapowerfulmarketingtooltodriveshoppersthroughtheirdoors,manyarejumpingattheopportunitytohostartexhibitionsandinstallations.Beijing’sParkviewGreenMallisbothaluxurymallandahavenforartlovers.FoundedbyarealestatemagnateandartcollectorfromHongKong,themallisstockedwith500piecesfromhispersonalcollection,includingwhat’sadvertisedasthe“largestcollectionofSalvadorDalioutsideofBarcelona.”Installationsincludingagiantsharkandseductivepiginarevealingdressarefreeforwindowshopperstoperuse.Themallalsohasdesignatedgalleryspacesfeaturingup-and-comingartists,whoseworksareperfunctorilyviewedbybeviesofselfie-takingshoppers.Cutthroatcompetitionhasforcedmallstodifferentiatethemselves,providingincreasinglyelitistexperiences.In2014,theK11MallinShanghaihostedthefirst-everexhibitionofMonetpaintingsinChina.(K11alsooperates“artmalls”inGuangzhou,Wuhan,Shenyang,andHongKong.)“TheK11mallsarefollowingtheplaybookofEuropeanmuseums,”saysRui.“Theyhavenopermanentcollection,buttheyhaveanentirecuratorialteamorganizingtravelingartexhibitions.Inthatway,eventhoughK11isamall,theyactlikeamuseumbyprovidingaccesstohigh-qualityart.”ThelinebetweenartandluxuryhasbecomeincreasinglydifficulttodetectinChina—anditsstate-runmuseumsaren’thelping.Afterthreeyearsofrenovation,Beijing’sNationalMuseumofChinaatTiananmenSquarereopenedin2011withtwocommercialexhibitions:“Voyages,”dedicatedtotheevolutionofLouisVuitton,wasfollowedbyBvlgari’s“125YearsofItalianMagnificence”afewmonthslater.Althoughtherestofthemuseumwasfreetoenter,LVcharged30RMBforviewing“Voyages,”adecisioncriticizedbyPeople’sDailyforbeing“toocommercial.”TheironyofChinesevisitorspayingtoperuseLVbagsatanewlyunveiledsymbolofnationalistpride—thecenterpieceofwhichwasadisplayofpropagandaentitled“RoadtoRejuvenation”—wasnotlostonmanyobservers.Toavoidfurthercontroversy,priceswereslashedto10RMBfortheBvlgarifollow-up.WhenDiorhostedanexhibitionthefollowingyear,thebrand’snamewasremovedfromthetitle,reflectingthenewlyausteresentimentsoftheChinesegovernment.Inspiteofwhatmightseemlikeaconflictofinterest,Xienotesthatmanystate-runmuseumsnowpresentjewelryorfashionexhibitionsonayearlybasis,citingthe2017ChaumetexhibitionatattheForbiddenCity’sPalaceMuseum.“Whenpeopleflocktoadmiretherarejewelrymasterpieces,theyaremorelikelytovisitsomeoftheotherlesspopularshowsatotherexhibitionshallsinthemuseum,”shehypothesizes.Asthelinebetweenartandluxurybecomesincreasinglyblurred,itpromptsthequestion:CancommercializedluxurybrandsandChina’snascentartmarketcoexistinasymbioticrelationship,orwillthisrelationshipofconvenienceultimatelybedetrimentaltothefutureofartinChinaXieisoptimisticaboutthefutureoftheartmalls,arguingthatitisabusinessmodelthatmakessense,as“artexhibitionsandpublicartinstallationsbringinmoremallvisitorsandthereforeincreaseconsumption.”However,shenotesthatonemajorchallengeisthelackofarteducationinChina:“Aslongastheexhibitionis‘Instagram-able,’peoplewillloveit—andifitiseasytounderstand,thenitisablockbuster!”“OfMallsandMuseums”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby”"OxitecstaffhavebeencloselyinvolvedindevelopingriskassessmentguidelinesforGMinsectsworldwide,leadingtoconcernsaboutlackofindependentscrutinyandconflictofinterest."“Oxitec公司的员工密切参与了全球转基因昆虫风险评估指南的制定,因此有审查不够独立、存在利益冲突之嫌。

  TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。Thismeansitwouldbepossibletostemthespreadofmalariathroughmosquitobites.这就意味着人类有可能通过阻断蚊虫叮咬控制疟疾传播。It'saboldbidtocurbmalaria,adeadlydiseasetypicallytransmittedthroughthebiteofinfectedmosquitoes.这是控制疟疾的大胆尝试。

  Mosquitoesonlystartbitingpeopleoncethey'readults,sogivenenoughtime,thedangerofblood-suckingfemalemosquitoescouldbeeradicated.蚊子只会在成年之后叮咬人类,只要时间足够,来自吸血雌蚊的危险就可以根除。What'simportantisthatthesemalemosquitoescontainaself-limitinggenethatgetspassedontofemalemates.重要的是,这些雄蚊有一种自限基因,交配时能够传播到雌蚊体内。”"ItsfirstreleasesofGMmosquitoestookplacecontroversiallyintheCaymanIslands,wherethereisnobiosafetylaworregulation.“该公司将第一批转基因蚊子投放在了没有生物安全法律或法规的开曼群岛,这一做法颇具争议。

  Oxitec'sworkhasbeenheavilycriticizedbyFriendsoftheEarth,acharitydedicatedtoprotecttheenvironment.环境保护慈善机构“地球之友”严厉批评了Oxitec公司的研究。Butthemalaria-carryingAnophelesmosquitoesrequireanewgeneticallymodifiedbreedtomatewith.但是携带疟疾病毒的疟蚊需要一种新的转基因蚊子来交配。英文来源:太阳报

  Backin2010,hegaveapproximately.9milliontoOxitectohelpfundearlyworkonkillermosquitoprojects.早在2010年,他就向Oxitec公司资助大约490万美元,用于“杀手蚊”项目的早期研发。TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。Theplanistocreategeneticallymodifiedmalemosquitoesthatmatewiththeirfemalecounterpartsinthewild.该计划将培育出转基因雄蚊,而这些雄蚊将会在自然条件下和雌蚊交配。

  What'simportantisthatthesemalemosquitoescontainaself-limitinggenethatgetspassedontofemalemates.重要的是,这些雄蚊有一种自限基因,交配时能够传播到雌蚊体内。They'redevelopedbyaUKcompanycalledOxitec,whichhasdubbedthecreations"FriendlyMosquitos"—althoughtheirfemalematesmaydisagree.英国公司Oxitec负责培育这些雄蚊,该公司称之为“友好蚊”,不过,雌蚊们可能不这么想。”"Thecompanyhasbeenwidelycriticizedforputtingitscommercialinterestsaheadofpublicandenvironmentalsafety.“该公司因将其商业利益置于公众和环境安全之上而广受批评。

  Complicationsthatthreatenhumanlifeincludeswellingofthebloodvesselsinthebrain,abuild-upoffluidinthelungs,organfailure(ofthekidneys,liverorspleen),anemia,andlowbloodsugar.脑血管肿胀、肺部积液、器官衰竭(肾、肝、脾)、贫血和低血糖等疟疾并发症都可危及人类生命。Insomeareas,thewildpopulationsofAedesaegypti(themosquitothatcarriesZika)havebeenreducedby90percent.在一些地区,埃及伊蚊(携带寨卡病毒的蚊子)的野生种群数量已经减少了90%。However,noteveryoneishappyabouttheprospectofgeneticallymodified(GM)mosquitoesbeingusedtoprematurelyterminatetheiroffspring.然而,并不是每个人都看好用转基因蚊子使后代夭折这个方法的前景。

  Oxitec'skillersexmosquitoesareexpectedtobereadyfortrialsbytheendof2020.Oxitec公司的交配杀手蚊有望在2020年底之前接受实验。Whenthefemalesgivebirth,theiroffspringwilldiebeforeadulthoodthankstothegene.雌蚊产卵时,她们的后代将会因为携带这种基因而夭折。Onlyfemalemosquitoesbite,soGates'armyofgene-engineeredmalemosquitoeswouldbesafetohumans.只有雌蚊会叮咬人类,所以这一项目培育的众多转基因雄蚊不会危及人类。

  Oxitec'sworkhasbeenheavilycriticizedbyFriendsoftheEarth,acharitydedicatedtoprotecttheenvironment.环境保护慈善机构“地球之友”严厉批评了Oxitec公司的研究。However,noteveryoneishappyabouttheprospectofgeneticallymodified(GM)mosquitoesbeingusedtoprematurelyterminatetheiroffspring.然而,并不是每个人都看好用转基因蚊子使后代夭折这个方法的前景。Complicationsthatthreatenhumanlifeincludeswellingofthebloodvesselsinthebrain,abuild-upoffluidinthelungs,organfailure(ofthekidneys,liverorspleen),anemia,andlowbloodsugar.脑血管肿胀、肺部积液、器官衰竭(肾、肝、脾)、贫血和低血糖等疟疾并发症都可危及人类生命。

  Backin2010,hegaveapproximately.9milliontoOxitectohelpfundearlyworkonkillermosquitoprojects.早在2010年,他就向Oxitec公司资助大约490万美元,用于“杀手蚊”项目的早期研发。Mosquitoesonlystartbitingpeopleoncethey'readults,sogivenenoughtime,thedangerofblood-suckingfemalemosquitoescouldbeeradicated.蚊子只会在成年之后叮咬人类,只要时间足够,来自吸血雌蚊的危险就可以根除。Oxitec'sworkhasbeenheavilycriticizedbyFriendsoftheEarth,acharitydedicatedtoprotecttheenvironment.环境保护慈善机构“地球之友”严厉批评了Oxitec公司的研究。

  Hehasextensivelyfundedworkoneradicatingmalaria,adiseasethatkillsaround440,000peopleeveryyear.他广泛资助了消灭疟疾的研究工作,全球每年大约有44万人死于疟疾。Hehasextensivelyfundedworkoneradicatingmalaria,adiseasethatkillsaround440,000peopleeveryyear.他广泛资助了消灭疟疾的研究工作,全球每年大约有44万人死于疟疾。Onlyfemalemosquitoesbite,soGates'armyofgene-engineeredmalemosquitoeswouldbesafetohumans.只有雌蚊会叮咬人类,所以这一项目培育的众多转基因雄蚊不会危及人类。

  However,noteveryoneishappyabouttheprospectofgeneticallymodified(GM)mosquitoesbeingusedtoprematurelyterminatetheiroffspring.然而,并不是每个人都看好用转基因蚊子使后代夭折这个方法的前景。”ButBillGatesisalongtimesupporterofOxitec'swork.但比尔盖茨一直支持Oxitec公司的研究。What'simportantisthatthesemalemosquitoescontainaself-limitinggenethatgetspassedontofemalemates.重要的是,这些雄蚊有一种自限基因,交配时能够传播到雌蚊体内。

  ”"ItsfirstreleasesofGMmosquitoestookplacecontroversiallyintheCaymanIslands,wherethereisnobiosafetylaworregulation.“该公司将第一批转基因蚊子投放在了没有生物安全法律或法规的开曼群岛,这一做法颇具争议。BillGatesdonatesMtocreatemosquitoesthatkilleachotherusingsexMicrosoftfounderBillGatesispouringmillionintoaprojecttocreatekillermosquitoesthatdestroyeachotherthroughsex.微软创始人比尔盖茨将投资400万美元(约合2654万元人民币),用以培育能够在交配中杀死对方的“杀手蚊”。Backin2012,FriendsoftheEarth'sEricHoffmansaid:"Trialsofitsmosquitoesmustnotmoveforwardintheabsenceofcomprehensiveandimpartialreviewsoftheenvironmental,humanhealthandethicalrisks."2012年,“地球之友”的埃里克-霍夫曼说:“在没有全面、公正地审查环境、人类健康和道德风险的情况下,Oxitec公司的蚊子实验绝不能进一步推进。

  BillGatesdonatesMtocreatemosquitoesthatkilleachotherusingsexMicrosoftfounderBillGatesispouringmillionintoaprojecttocreatekillermosquitoesthatdestroyeachotherthroughsex.微软创始人比尔盖茨将投资400万美元(约合2654万元人民币),用以培育能够在交配中杀死对方的“杀手蚊”。Hehasextensivelyfundedworkoneradicatingmalaria,adiseasethatkillsaround440,000peopleeveryyear.他广泛资助了消灭疟疾的研究工作,全球每年大约有44万人死于疟疾。”Inastatementatthetime,FriendsoftheEarthsaid:"TheGMmosquitoesareintendedtoreducethewildpopulationbymatingwithnaturallyoccurringmosquitoesandproducingprogenywhichdon’tsurvive,thusreducingthepopulationandthereforethetransmissionofthetropicaldiseasedenguefever.“地球之友”当时发声明说:“通过与自然发育的雌蚊交配产生无法存活的后代,减少野生种群,从而减少蚊子数量,减少热带疾病登革热的传播,这就是培育转基因蚊子的目的。

  ”Inastatementatthetime,FriendsoftheEarthsaid:"TheGMmosquitoesareintendedtoreducethewildpopulationbymatingwithnaturallyoccurringmosquitoesandproducingprogenywhichdon’tsurvive,thusreducingthepopulationandthereforethetransmissionofthetropicaldiseasedenguefever.“地球之友”当时发声明说:“通过与自然发育的雌蚊交配产生无法存活的后代,减少野生种群,从而减少蚊子数量,减少热带疾病登革热的传播,这就是培育转基因蚊子的目的。Oxitec'sworkhasbeenheavilycriticizedbyFriendsoftheEarth,acharitydedicatedtoprotecttheenvironment.环境保护慈善机构“地球之友”严厉批评了Oxitec公司的研究。Oxitechasalreadycreatedgene-engineeredmosquitoestodealwiththeZikavirus.Oxitec公司已经培育出对付寨卡病毒的转基因蚊子。

  TechmogulGateswillusefundsfromhisowncharityorganization–theBillandMelindaGatesFoundation–toeradicatemalaria"withinageneration."科技巨头盖茨将利用其慈善机构比尔和梅琳达盖茨基金会的资金,在“一代”之内根除疟疾。Complicationsthatthreatenhumanlifeincludeswellingofthebloodvesselsinthebrain,abuild-upoffluidinthelungs,organfailure(ofthekidneys,liverorspleen),anemia,andlowbloodsugar.脑血管肿胀、肺部积液、器官衰竭(肾、肝、脾)、贫血和低血糖等疟疾并发症都可危及人类生命。”ButBillGatesisalongtimesupporterofOxitec'swork.但比尔盖茨一直支持Oxitec公司的研究。

  Oxitechasalreadycreatedgene-engineeredmosquitoestodealwiththeZikavirus.Oxitec公司已经培育出对付寨卡病毒的转基因蚊子。Onlyfemalemosquitoesbite,soGates'armyofgene-engineeredmalemosquitoeswouldbesafetohumans.只有雌蚊会叮咬人类,所以这一项目培育的众多转基因雄蚊不会危及人类。However,noteveryoneishappyabouttheprospectofgeneticallymodified(GM)mosquitoesbeingusedtoprematurelyterminatetheiroffspring.然而,并不是每个人都看好用转基因蚊子使后代夭折这个方法的前景。

  Oxitec'sworkhasbeenheavilycriticizedbyFriendsoftheEarth,acharitydedicatedtoprotecttheenvironment.环境保护慈善机构“地球之友”严厉批评了Oxitec公司的研究。FashionistasvisitingtheTodayArtMuseumthissummerhadtheopportunitytoforkout50RMBfortheprivilegeofviewing“WhenEleganceMeetsArt,”anexhibitionfeaturingover400piecesbytheFrenchjewelrycompanyVanCleefArpels.Inside,theypainstakinglyposedfortheperfectshotwitharubypendant,poredoverdescriptionsofeachpiece’shistory,andcheckedouttheitemsliketheywerebrowsingacatalog.Chineseartmuseumsareincreasinglyrelyingoncommercialexhibitionslikethistokeeptheirdoorsopen.Meanwhile,marketforcesaredrivingluxurymallstouseartexhibitionstolureshoppersthroughtheirdoorsandmaketheirstoresprofitable.Strappedbyataxcodewhichoffersfewincentivesforcharitablecontributions,andunabletorelyonart-lovingphilanthropists,museumsmustgetcreativetomaintainrevenues.Luxurybrandsoffer“rentalincome”formanymuseums,“Rui,”acontemporaryartprofessionalinBeijing,toldTWOConconditionofanonymity.Theseexhibitionsarealmostcompletelyorganizedandcuratedbythebrand,ratherthanmuseumstaff.“Essentially,brandswanttorentspacesininternationallyrecognizedmuseumsinordertoenhancetheirimages,”explainedRui.SoniaXie,deputyeditoroftheArtNewspaperChina,elaboratedonthebenefitsofthesepartnerships,explainingthatthey“improveandpromotethetoneandvoiceofthebrand,asordinarypeopleconsidermuseumsandgalleriestobedistinguished,intelligent,andeliteplaces.”However,anequallyimportantfactorwaschangingtastesanddemographics.Aswell-traveled,educatedconsumersbegantodisdaintheflashylabelsonwhichmanyEuropeandesignershadfocusedtheirmainlandmarketingstrategies,artmuseumscouldofferanobviousandeffortlessopportunityforbrandstosignalsophisticationtomorediscerningshoppers.Partnershipsbetweenmuseumsandbrandshaveproliferatedinrecentyears.In2014,Diorhostedits“MissDior”exhibitionatShanghai’sSculptureSpace;thenextyear,Guccihostedanavant-gardeexhibitionentitled“NoLonger/NotYet”attheShanghaiMinshengArtMuseum;andin2016,BottegaVenetahosted“ArtofCollaboration”attheUllensCenterforContemporaryArtinBeijing.Thetrendhasevenexpandedtonon-luxurybrandsseekinganimageboost:lastyearChineseelectronicscompanyXiaomisponsoredthe“FutureofToday”exhibitionattheTodayArtMuseum.Thereasonwhythisisallpossible,suggestsXie,isthat“theartindustryinChinaisstillatanearlystageofdevelopment.TheChineseaudienceiscompletelyundemanding,makingitextremelyeasytodoaprofitableexhibition.”Yetthereisalsoagreatamountofoptimismforthefuture.China’sartmarketisalreadysaidtobethesecondlargestintheworld,atanestimated13.2billionUSD.In2017,QiBaishi’sTwelveLandscapeScreens(1925)joinedthe“100millionclub”whenitfetched140.8millionUSDataPolyBeijingauction,becomingthefirstChinesepaintingtoachievethisfeat.ModernChineseartistsarealsohighlysoughtafter:Artprice’slistofthe“Top50livingartistsatauction”includes11fromChina.OnemanifestationofChina’smaturingartmarketcanbeseenintheunusualvenueofmalls.Bankingonartasapowerfulmarketingtooltodriveshoppersthroughtheirdoors,manyarejumpingattheopportunitytohostartexhibitionsandinstallations.Beijing’sParkviewGreenMallisbothaluxurymallandahavenforartlovers.FoundedbyarealestatemagnateandartcollectorfromHongKong,themallisstockedwith500piecesfromhispersonalcollection,includingwhat’sadvertisedasthe“largestcollectionofSalvadorDalioutsideofBarcelona.”Installationsincludingagiantsharkandseductivepiginarevealingdressarefreeforwindowshopperstoperuse.Themallalsohasdesignatedgalleryspacesfeaturingup-and-comingartists,whoseworksareperfunctorilyviewedbybeviesofselfie-takingshoppers.Cutthroatcompetitionhasforcedmallstodifferentiatethemselves,providingincreasinglyelitistexperiences.In2014,theK11MallinShanghaihostedthefirst-everexhibitionofMonetpaintingsinChina.(K11alsooperates“artmalls”inGuangzhou,Wuhan,Shenyang,andHongKong.)“TheK11mallsarefollowingtheplaybookofEuropeanmuseums,”saysRui.“Theyhavenopermanentcollection,buttheyhaveanentirecuratorialteamorganizingtravelingartexhibitions.Inthatway,eventhoughK11isamall,theyactlikeamuseumbyprovidingaccesstohigh-qualityart.”ThelinebetweenartandluxuryhasbecomeincreasinglydifficulttodetectinChina—anditsstate-runmuseumsaren’thelping.Afterthreeyearsofrenovation,Beijing’sNationalMuseumofChinaatTiananmenSquarereopenedin2011withtwocommercialexhibitions:“Voyages,”dedicatedtotheevolutionofLouisVuitton,wasfollowedbyBvlgari’s“125YearsofItalianMagnificence”afewmonthslater.Althoughtherestofthemuseumwasfreetoenter,LVcharged30RMBforviewing“Voyages,”adecisioncriticizedbyPeople’sDailyforbeing“toocommercial.”TheironyofChinesevisitorspayingtoperuseLVbagsatanewlyunveiledsymbolofnationalistpride—thecenterpieceofwhichwasadisplayofpropagandaentitled“RoadtoRejuvenation”—wasnotlostonmanyobservers.Toavoidfurthercontroversy,priceswereslashedto10RMBfortheBvlgarifollow-up.WhenDiorhostedanexhibitionthefollowingyear,thebrand’snamewasremovedfromthetitle,reflectingthenewlyausteresentimentsoftheChinesegovernment.Inspiteofwhatmightseemlikeaconflictofinterest,Xienotesthatmanystate-runmuseumsnowpresentjewelryorfashionexhibitionsonayearlybasis,citingthe2017ChaumetexhibitionatattheForbiddenCity’sPalaceMuseum.“Whenpeopleflocktoadmiretherarejewelrymasterpieces,theyaremorelikelytovisitsomeoftheotherlesspopularshowsatotherexhibitionshallsinthemuseum,”shehypothesizes.Asthelinebetweenartandluxurybecomesincreasinglyblurred,itpromptsthequestion:CancommercializedluxurybrandsandChina’snascentartmarketcoexistinasymbioticrelationship,orwillthisrelationshipofconvenienceultimatelybedetrimentaltothefutureofartinChinaXieisoptimisticaboutthefutureoftheartmalls,arguingthatitisabusinessmodelthatmakessense,as“artexhibitionsandpublicartinstallationsbringinmoremallvisitorsandthereforeincreaseconsumption.”However,shenotesthatonemajorchallengeisthelackofarteducationinChina:“Aslongastheexhibitionis‘Instagram-able,’peoplewillloveit—andifitiseasytounderstand,thenitisablockbuster!”“OfMallsandMuseums”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby”ButBillGatesisalongtimesupporterofOxitec'swork.但比尔盖茨一直支持Oxitec公司的研究。

  Complicationsthatthreatenhumanlifeincludeswellingofthebloodvesselsinthebrain,abuild-upoffluidinthelungs,organfailure(ofthekidneys,liverorspleen),anemia,andlowbloodsugar.脑血管肿胀、肺部积液、器官衰竭(肾、肝、脾)、贫血和低血糖等疟疾并发症都可危及人类生命。Butthemalaria-carryingAnophelesmosquitoesrequireanewgeneticallymodifiedbreedtomatewith.但是携带疟疾病毒的疟蚊需要一种新的转基因蚊子来交配。Oxitec'sworkhasbeenheavilycriticizedbyFriendsoftheEarth,acharitydedicatedtoprotecttheenvironment.环境保护慈善机构“地球之友”严厉批评了Oxitec公司的研究。

  Backin2012,FriendsoftheEarth'sEricHoffmansaid:"Trialsofitsmosquitoesmustnotmoveforwardintheabsenceofcomprehensiveandimpartialreviewsoftheenvironmental,humanhealthandethicalrisks."2012年,“地球之友”的埃里克-霍夫曼说:“在没有全面、公正地审查环境、人类健康和道德风险的情况下,Oxitec公司的蚊子实验绝不能进一步推进。”"OxitecstaffhavebeencloselyinvolvedindevelopingriskassessmentguidelinesforGMinsectsworldwide,leadingtoconcernsaboutlackofindependentscrutinyandconflictofinterest."“Oxitec公司的员工密切参与了全球转基因昆虫风险评估指南的制定,因此有审查不够独立、存在利益冲突之嫌。FashionistasvisitingtheTodayArtMuseumthissummerhadtheopportunitytoforkout50RMBfortheprivilegeofviewing“WhenEleganceMeetsArt,”anexhibitionfeaturingover400piecesbytheFrenchjewelrycompanyVanCleefArpels.Inside,theypainstakinglyposedfortheperfectshotwitharubypendant,poredoverdescriptionsofeachpiece’shistory,andcheckedouttheitemsliketheywerebrowsingacatalog.Chineseartmuseumsareincreasinglyrelyingoncommercialexhibitionslikethistokeeptheirdoorsopen.Meanwhile,marketforcesaredrivingluxurymallstouseartexhibitionstolureshoppersthroughtheirdoorsandmaketheirstoresprofitable.Strappedbyataxcodewhichoffersfewincentivesforcharitablecontributions,andunabletorelyonart-lovingphilanthropists,museumsmustgetcreativetomaintainrevenues.Luxurybrandsoffer“rentalincome”formanymuseums,“Rui,”acontemporaryartprofessionalinBeijing,toldTWOConconditionofanonymity.Theseexhibitionsarealmostcompletelyorganizedandcuratedbythebrand,ratherthanmuseumstaff.“Essentially,brandswanttorentspacesininternationallyrecognizedmuseumsinordertoenhancetheirimages,”explainedRui.SoniaXie,deputyeditoroftheArtNewspaperChina,elaboratedonthebenefitsofthesepartnerships,explainingthatthey“improveandpromotethetoneandvoiceofthebrand,asordinarypeopleconsidermuseumsandgalleriestobedistinguished,intelligent,andeliteplaces.”However,anequallyimportantfactorwaschangingtastesanddemographics.Aswell-traveled,educatedconsumersbegantodisdaintheflashylabelsonwhichmanyEuropeandesignershadfocusedtheirmainlandmarketingstrategies,artmuseumscouldofferanobviousandeffortlessopportunityforbrandstosignalsophisticationtomorediscerningshoppers.Partnershipsbetweenmuseumsandbrandshaveproliferatedinrecentyears.In2014,Diorhostedits“MissDior”exhibitionatShanghai’sSculptureSpace;thenextyear,Guccihostedanavant-gardeexhibitionentitled“NoLonger/NotYet”attheShanghaiMinshengArtMuseum;andin2016,BottegaVenetahosted“ArtofCollaboration”attheUllensCenterforContemporaryArtinBeijing.Thetrendhasevenexpandedtonon-luxurybrandsseekinganimageboost:lastyearChineseelectronicscompanyXiaomisponsoredthe“FutureofToday”exhibitionattheTodayArtMuseum.Thereasonwhythisisallpossible,suggestsXie,isthat“theartindustryinChinaisstillatanearlystageofdevelopment.TheChineseaudienceiscompletelyundemanding,makingitextremelyeasytodoaprofitableexhibition.”Yetthereisalsoagreatamountofoptimismforthefuture.China’sartmarketisalreadysaidtobethesecondlargestintheworld,atanestimated13.2billionUSD.In2017,QiBaishi’sTwelveLandscapeScreens(1925)joinedthe“100millionclub”whenitfetched140.8millionUSDataPolyBeijingauction,becomingthefirstChinesepaintingtoachievethisfeat.ModernChineseartistsarealsohighlysoughtafter:Artprice’slistofthe“Top50livingartistsatauction”includes11fromChina.OnemanifestationofChina’smaturingartmarketcanbeseenintheunusualvenueofmalls.Bankingonartasapowerfulmarketingtooltodriveshoppersthroughtheirdoors,manyarejumpingattheopportunitytohostartexhibitionsandinstallations.Beijing’sParkviewGreenMallisbothaluxurymallandahavenforartlovers.FoundedbyarealestatemagnateandartcollectorfromHongKong,themallisstockedwith500piecesfromhispersonalcollection,includingwhat’sadvertisedasthe“largestcollectionofSalvadorDalioutsideofBarcelona.”Installationsincludingagiantsharkandseductivepiginarevealingdressarefreeforwindowshopperstoperuse.Themallalsohasdesignatedgalleryspacesfeaturingup-and-comingartists,whoseworksareperfunctorilyviewedbybeviesofselfie-takingshoppers.Cutthroatcompetitionhasforcedmallstodifferentiatethemselves,providingincreasinglyelitistexperiences.In2014,theK11MallinShanghaihostedthefirst-everexhibitionofMonetpaintingsinChina.(K11alsooperates“artmalls”inGuangzhou,Wuhan,Shenyang,andHongKong.)“TheK11mallsarefollowingtheplaybookofEuropeanmuseums,”saysRui.“Theyhavenopermanentcollection,buttheyhaveanentirecuratorialteamorganizingtravelingartexhibitions.Inthatway,eventhoughK11isamall,theyactlikeamuseumbyprovidingaccesstohigh-qualityart.”ThelinebetweenartandluxuryhasbecomeincreasinglydifficulttodetectinChina—anditsstate-runmuseumsaren’thelping.Afterthreeyearsofrenovation,Beijing’sNationalMuseumofChinaatTiananmenSquarereopenedin2011withtwocommercialexhibitions:“Voyages,”dedicatedtotheevolutionofLouisVuitton,wasfollowedbyBvlgari’s“125YearsofItalianMagnificence”afewmonthslater.Althoughtherestofthemuseumwasfreetoenter,LVcharged30RMBforviewing“Voyages,”adecisioncriticizedbyPeople’sDailyforbeing“toocommercial.”TheironyofChinesevisitorspayingtoperuseLVbagsatanewlyunveiledsymbolofnationalistpride—thecenterpieceofwhichwasadisplayofpropagandaentitled“RoadtoRejuvenation”—wasnotlostonmanyobservers.Toavoidfurthercontroversy,priceswereslashedto10RMBfortheBvlgarifollow-up.WhenDiorhostedanexhibitionthefollowingyear,thebrand’snamewasremovedfromthetitle,reflectingthenewlyausteresentimentsoftheChinesegovernment.Inspiteofwhatmightseemlikeaconflictofinterest,X